• England and Islam: or, the Counsel of Caiaphas


England and Islam: or, the Counsel of Caiaphas. Edward Maitland. Tinsley Brothers, London, 1876. 636 pp.


Information: The Abstract of Contents of this book by Edward Maitland gives us an idea of its interesting and most important content. Although the book was addressed to the historical context of more than a century ago, it is still of the greatest interest, not only to England, but to all nations. That is so because the questions here analyzed are, generally speaking, still today without consistent answers.

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The Counsel of Caiaphas.













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             CHAPTER I  (1-5)

                Introductory (...).

             CHAPTER  II  (5-10)

               Turkey’s Rights and England’s Duty (...).

             CHAPTER III  (10-22)

                Turkey’s danger. Expedients in arrest (...).

             CHAPTER  IV  (22-43)

                Nature and aim of all religions (...).

             CHAPTER V  (44-51)

                    Development of religious consciousness in Islam (...).

             CHAPTER  VI  (51-60)

                    Mr. Gladstone and the reunion of Christendom. His sympathy with sacerdotalism (...).

             CHAPTER  VII  (61-66)

                   Solar system a conscious organism (...).



         CHAPTER  VIII (66-76)

                Anatomy of orthodoxy (...).

         CHAPTER  IX (76-100)

                   Our present difficulties the inevitable result of our system (...).

             CHAPTER  X  (101-122)

                Our leaders – Professor Fawcett sides with Caiaphas (...).

             CHAPTER  XI  (125-134)

                The Golden Age no myth. The first murder. Reality of intuition (...).



             CHAPTER  XII.1 (134-199)

               World’s future involved in the controversy between intuitionalists and experimentalists (...).



            CHAPTER XII.2 (199-267)

              World’s future involved in the controversy between intuitionalists and experimentalists (...).



             CHAPTER  XIII.1 (267-327)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).



             CHAPTER XIII.2 (327-387)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).



             CHAPTER  XIIl.3 (387-449)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).



             CHAPTER  XIIl.4  (449-512)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).



             CHAPTER  XIIl.5 (512-572)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).



             CHAPTER  XIIl.6  (572-636)

                   Symbolical meaning of thirteen. The week. Israel – Saturn. And the Sabbath (...).









            Introductory. Weighty utterances. Mr. Carlyle. Mr. Gladstone. Author’s claim to be heard. Genesis of this book.




            Turkey’s Rights and England’s Duty.




            Turkey’s danger. Expedients in arrest, 11. Our Premier, 12. Rapport between Anglican and Greek, 14, Russian encroachments politically considered, 15. Russia and Islam, 18. True centre of the Churches, 21. Sacerdotalism and the present crisis.


CHAPTER IV (22-43)


            Nature and aim of all religions, 23. Islam the initial stage after Nature-worship, 24. Prophetic, as opposed to sacerdotal, 25. Mr. Carlyle’s sacerdotalism, 26. Self-reform of Turkey thwarted by Russia, 27. With connivance of England, 28. Religious development advancing for Islam, 30. Declining for Christendom and the Jews, 30. Pessimism of Schopenhauer, 31. Rife in the Church, 35. Sacerdotalism essentially pessimistic, 36. Identity of orthodoxy and materialism in all spheres, 38. Sacerdotal conspiracy, 39. On behalf of vicarious atonement through the blood of the Moslem, 41.


CHAPTER V (44-51)


            Development of religious consciousness in Islam, 44. Correspondence in Hinduism, 45. Woman in Turkey and England, 49.


CHAPTER VI (51-60)


            Mr. Gladstone and the reunion of Christendom, 52. His sympathy with sacerdotalism, 56. True marriage impossible between Anglican and Russian, 58.




            Solar system a conscious organism, 61. Termination of our Christian year, 62. And winter solstice of the national soul, 62.




            Anatomy of orthodoxy, 66. The Church, as it is, the cross and grave of the Ideal, 67. Manifestations of orthodoxy in modern life, 68. Always cruel, 74.


CHAPTER IX (76-100)


            Our present difficulties the inevitable result of our system, 76. Based on the doctrine of vicarious atonement, 76. Which is the apotheosis, not of love, but of selfishness, 77. Vivisection its translation into science, 78. On the taking of sensitive life for food, 79. The imagination as a seeing faculty ignored by science, 80. Needlessness of bloodshed for food, 84. Doctrine of blood, 85. Our leaders and their failure – Mr. Herbert Spencer, 86. Universality of consciousness, 87. England and her Soul, a parallel, 92. The British public, 94. “Not this man, but Barabbas,” 95.


CHAPTER X (101-122)


            Our leaders – Professor Fawcett sides with Caiaphas, 101. Mr. Bright and the object of his solicitude, 102. Mr. J. S. Mill and his failure, 105. Professor Clifford and the “good of the community,” 110. His doctrine essentially sacerdotal and sacrificial, 118. Bloodshed, disease, and wickedness not the normal condition of our race, 119. Trades-unionism, 120. A word to Mr. Darwin, 122.


CHAPTER XI (125-134)


            The Golden Age no myth, 125. The first murder, 128. Reality of intuition, 129. Spiritual nature of existence, 131. Significance of modern spiritualism, 132. Revivalism, 132. Need for the development of the intuitions in education, 134.


CHAPTER XII (134-267)


            World’s future involved in the controversy between intuitionalists and experimentalists, 134. The idealist, 135. Orthodox correspondences, 139. Logic of sacrifice, 141. The first known vivisector, 143. Human sacrifices in Africa, 144. In Judea, 144. Culminate in that of a “man-god,” 146. The Royal Society and its premiums on torture, 149. Christendom and its scientific gods, 152. What Mr. Gladstone has to learn, 153. The soul’s tragedy, 154. For religion and science the sun is still secondary to the earth, 155. The soul rejected on Calvary, transfers itself to England, 157. Meaning of “secular education,” 160. A Free Church, 162. “Strange gods,” 164. Idolatry and unpatriotism, 165. The perfect man, 166. Meaning of “Christ,” 167. Caiaphas and afterwards, 168. For India, 170. For England, 172. To whom is the appeal, English “society”? 174. The Legislature? 175. Russia in the carnivorous stage, 178. From England’s body to England’s soul, 180. A new dogma, 182. England alone has the right to aid the Turk, 183. Hollowness of Russian power, 184. Address of England to the Moslem, 185. Her duty at all risks, 189. Turkey able alone to cope with Russia, 191. The lesson of Elisha, 192. A fresh departure. The future of parties, 193. Failure of the isms, and why, 193. The young Hercules, 196. Our leaders – Professor Tyndall, 199. Professor Huxley, 265. The crux of the Materialists, 207. “Matter” and consciousness, 208. Genesis of “Matter,” 209. Universality of consciousness – its identity with existence, 211. The search for “facts.” The physiological laboratory, 219. Our leaders – Dr. W. B. Carpenter, 222. Pantheism of the Hebrews, 223. G. H. Lewes, 224. Concrete v. abstract, 227. “Mother Earth,” 230. Sir W. Thompson, 233. Materialism in France, 240. “George Eliot,” 241. Mr. Browning, 244. “Punch,” 245. Loss of standard, 246. Through neglect of dualism of existence, 247. Where is the woman? 250. Paris the city of sex and sense-worship, 253. Lip-service and blood-service – an English Christmas, 255. The woman – unredeemed – of nations, 257. France and her evil genius, 262. Spiritual relation of France and Germany, 259. Medicine and morals, 263. Spiritual significance of the woman’s movement, 265. Universal salvability, 266.


CHAPTER XIII (267-636)


           Symbolical meaning of thirteen, 269. The week, 270. Israel – Saturn, 272. And the Sabbath, 275. The wilderness of Sin, 275. Male and female years, 279. Creative Symbolical meaning of thirteen, 269. The week, 270. Israel – Saturn, 272. And thecycles, 280. The idea of Christ, 281. Of Antichrist, 282. A new glacial period, 284, Sixth day of world’s spiritual creation, 288. The regeneration, 289. Its prophetess, 290. Its priestess, 292. Its work, 294. Sources of imperfection, 295. Woman the inspirer, man the executor, 299. The function of the Church, 302. Possible teachers – Professor Huxley, 303. Dr. Maudsley, 304. Mr. Gladstone, 305. Significance of the tale of Troy, 307. Signs of the Regeneration, 308. Queen, Prince, and Demagogue, 309. Literature and drama, 312. Spiritual significance of present epoch, 314. Re-enactment of the Solar Myth, 315. Acknowledgment to antagonists, 316. The Sphinx interpreted, 317. Dualism in races, 320. Aryan and Semite, 321. Turkey and Israel, 323. A new exodus, 325. An “extinct belief,” 326. Russia’s need, 328. Israel’s sympathy with Turkey, 329. Union of England, Islam, and Israel “in the Regeneration,” 330. Christian and Moslem festivals, a contrast, 331. Cross and Crescent, their significance, 332. “Generation” and “Regeneration,” 333. Symbolic worship of existence, 334. Vortex-ring and germ-cell, world-ideas, 338. Function and work of science, 339. Spirit and Matter, respectively portions and modes of same consciousness, 340. The elements under spiritual control, 241. May be expected to fight against Russia, 343. Duality ignored by Church in favour of Trinity, 344. Dualism of peoples – India, 346. America, 347. Russia, 349, Consequences of ignoring dualism, 350. Legend of Eden, an eternal verity, 351. Mr. Gladstone as the Paul of the Regeneration, 358. The finding of Christ, 359. The world’s Christs, 360. A physiological correspondence, 362, “Necessary truths,” 364. Method and purpose of creation, 366. And of redemption, 369. A call to Mr. Gladstone, 371. Paul’s mistaken idea of Christ, 372. Impossibility of constructing scheme of existence on materialistic basis, 374. A piece of autobiography, 375. Corresponding failures – Paul, Moses, Mr. Gladstone, 377. England’s year of years, 378. Saved by “faith,” 379. Germany – representative Teutons, Goethe, Strauss, 379. Reserved for England to produce on highest plane, 381. The chances of France, 382. England’s typical man, 383. The sign of Enoch, 386. Mr. Goschen’s mission, 387. Lord Shaftesbury, 388. “City of Hygiea,” 388. First manifestations of spiritualism, 394. Swinburne, 398. Winwoode Reade, 399. “The Angel in the House,” 399. “Asylum Christi,” “The Shadow of the Sword,” 400. The rule of the poets – India, Canada, 401. “Higher Law,” 402. How scientists love one another, 403. A sign from the land of saints, 404. From the women’s school of physiology, 406. Historical parallels, 408. Mosaic dietary, 411. Paul’s health and its effect on his doctrine, 413. England her own Christ, 418. The true Christian year, 420. The Reformation, Pauline and masculine, instead of Christian and dual, 421. “Cassandra,” 425. Mr. Gladstone’s disqualification, 426. Like Paul’s, 427. Causes of limitation of spiritual vision, 433. Rationale of Revelation, 434. Of Inspiration, 435. A vision of danger, 438. Opening of spiritual eyes, 445. The key to the Bible, 447. The rock struck once, 449. Tests on opinion, their morality, 452. Religion, the culture of existence, 454. Spirit of author’s former works, 459. Interpellation of monograms, 460. “Ecce Homo,” 462. Present with the Master, 463. The sex element in the Gospels, 466. The parents of Jesus, 467. “Mother of God,” 470. Mr. Gladstone’s qualification, 472. The creeds, 473. Not incompatible with a regime of free thought, 474. The meaning of “Christ,” 476. Of Buddha, 477. Spiritual identity of England and Israel, 478. Their mission, 480. The Regeneration the practical recognition of the doctrine of the duality, 482. “The Dragon,” 485. The coming tribulation – the gathering of the eagles, 489. The Conference, 491. England and Israel, one at last, 495. Opening of the Apocalypse – Universal marriage, 496. The Two-in-One, 498. The true Pantheism, 500. “The man of blood and iron,” 505. The fifth trumpet, 512. The sixth, 513. The Dragon and the Conference, 515. The “Stone” of England, 520. The passage of the Jordan and entry of the Promised Land, 522, Manifestation of the Spirit of Truth, 524. Revelation of systems, solar and stellar, 530. Anticipation of Russian discomfiture, 529. Creation, its method and object, 530. The Sun-gods – Seeming and Being, 531. The fall, 532. Return, 533. Comparative study of religion, 536. Man’s personality inherited through the system from the source of existence, 537. Decline of the Christian year, 540. The present trouble the result of the system represented by Caiaphas, 547. Patriotic testimony to identity of religions, 548. A lesson from the body, 550. The Greek ideal – the “Saviour” Plato, 554. Pantheism of the world’s gospels, 556. Buddha and the carnivora, 559. Signs – Rome, France, America, 562. The Zodiac, 505. Its relation to the Mass, 569. To the scheme of creation and redemption, 570. The soul and the serpent, 571. The constellations, 572. The serpent and the woman, 581. Good and evil – God and no-God, 585. “Satan,” 587. Man and his diet, 588. Redemption of all nature through man, 591. Buddhist symbolism, 593. Spiritual meaning of colours. 595. Universal identity, 601. The vision of perfection, 602. The full intuition, 603. The whole in the part, 604. The course of development of individual consciousness, 606. Lord Amberley’s bequest, 607. A devil’s dogma, 609. Fatal consequences of present mode of living, 612. Degeneration of Aryan race, 613. Music of the spheres, 614. Creation a fugue, 615. Thomas Scott and his propaganda, 621. The Earth’s Development and the precession of the Equinoxes, 625. The end of “time,” 628. In the Regeneration, 632. But first to Armageddon, 634.



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